PROC Sentences the Retroactive Prorogation Rationale to a Quiet Bureaucratic Death


Sometimes I forgot to follow up on these developments right away, and the obscura and minutia on which I normally focus here on Parliamentum usually goes unreported in the press, too. The House of Commons Standing Committee on Procedure and House Affairs (PROC) has taken steps to bury the Trudeau government’s Retroactive Prorogation Rationale, tabled and referred to PROC under the new Standing Order 32(7), and delay any study on it at all until at least January 2021 – and probably never. The whole idea of forcing the government to table a rationale for the previous prorogation retroactively in the next session never lent itself to anything productive or substantive, but I would have been curious to see what, if anything, PROC did in response.

Continue reading

Posted in Crown (Powers and Office), Prorogation | Leave a comment

The Trudeau Government’s Retroactive Prorogation Rationale Under Standing Order 32(7)


Introduction

In my previous post, I recounted how the House of Commons had added in Standing Order 32(7) in June 2017, on the initiative of the Trudeau government and its parliamentary majority at the time, which now obliges the government of the day to table a report outlining the rationale for the previous prorogation. I remarked that, depending on how you count “sitting day,” the deadline for tabling this document would have occurred on either 27 or 28 October. The new Standing Order says:

Not later than 20 sitting days after the beginning of the second or subsequent session of a Parliament, a minister of the Crown shall lay upon the table a document outlining the reasons for the latest prorogation. This document shall be deemed referred to the Standing Committee on Procedure and House Affairs immediately after it is presented in the House.[1]

The Leader of the Government in the House of Commons dutifully tabled the document on 28 October as Sessional Paper 8560-432-1261-01,[2] revealing entitled Report to Parliament: August 2020 Prorogation – COVID-19 pandemic. I have uploaded it here to Parliamentum for your reference.

Continue reading

Posted in Crown (Powers and Office), Prorogation | 2 Comments

Justin Trudeau Has Made Prorogation Great Again


Update: The Government House Leader tabled the Retroactive Prorogation Rationale in the House of Commons on 28 October.

Introduction

On 19 August 2020, the exigencies of a minority parliament and global pandemic brought about the first prorogation of the Parliament of Canada in seven years.[1] The day before, Prime Minister J. Trudeau had dismissed Bill Morneau, the Minister of Finance –universally recognised in all Commonwealth Realms as the most important cabinet portfolio.[2] Most of the press, with the notable exception of Paul Wells[3], portrayed Morneau’s dismissal as a voluntary resignation.[4] But rumours of Morneau’s dismissal had swirled the previous week, at which time the Prime Minister sealed Morneau’s fate by publicly affirming his confidence in his Minister of Finance.[5] This first prorogation since 2013 also stopped parliamentary committees from continuing their investigation into the WE Scandal, which had proven politically embarrassing to the Trudeau government and to Trudeau and Morneau in particular.[6] Under the circumstances, it is therefore difficult to deny the tactical nature of Trudeau’s first prorogation, which shows striking parallels to Harper’s second tactical prorogation of December 2009, which also halted a parliamentary committee’s study into a politically embarrassing issue. The proclamation set the start of the 2nd session of the 43rd Parliament for 23 September.[7]

But this prorogation should never have happened. Justin Trudeau became Prime Minister in 2015 pledging to put an end to the tactical prorogations of Stephen Harper. The Liberal platform in 2015 had declared: “Harper has used prorogation to avoid difficult political circumstances. We will not.”[8] In 2017, the Trudeau government published a discussion paper reiterating that pledge: “There have been instances where Governments have prorogued early in the session to avoid politically difficult situations. The Government committed to Canadians to not abuse prorogation in such a manner.”[9] Indeed, when the Liberals commanded a parliamentary majority, Trudeau initially hewed to his promise so literally that he took the unprecedented step of never proroguing the 42nd Parliament at all, the first time in Canadian history that a majority parliament lasted for four years under one session. The 1st session of the 42nd Parliament therefore, rather absurdly, lasted from December 2015 to October 2019. But the political exigencies of a minority parliament and the Pandemic conspired to make tactical prorogation too tempting once more.

Justin Trudeau has now made prorogation great again.

Continue reading

Posted in Crown (Powers and Office), Prorogation | 1 Comment

My Article in the Journal of Parliamentary and Political Law on Electoral Reform


Some of you might be interested; some of you might not.

Continue reading

Posted in Articles, Electoral Reform | 2 Comments

Celebrate Dominion Day With The Latest Issue of The Dorchester Review


The latest issue of The Dorchester Review is now available online here once you subscribe here to receive physical copies of the magazine in the mail as well.

I contributed an article to this issue on a lesser known aspect of the career of the great 19th-century engineer Sir Sandford Fleming, who forged the steel links which bound the Dominion of Canada together through the Intercolonial Railway and the Canadian Pacific Railway, and who invented Time Zones and Standard Time. In 1892, Fleming advocated for parliamentary and electoral reform, and reformers have followed his blueprints unwittingly ever since, both in terms of the content of their reforms and the hectoring, moralistic tone with which they have advocated for abolishing majoritarian electoral systems.

Posted in Dorchester Review, Electoral Reform, History of British North America, Reform | 1 Comment