Category Archives: Comparative

Alpine Madness: Austria Takes The Caretaker Convention to the Extreme


Introduction A series of strange events has recently befallen Austria. It began with political scandal and the collapse of the coalition government between Sebastian Kurz’s People’s Party and Heinz-Christian Strache’s Freedom Party and ended a few weeks later with the … Continue reading

Posted in Caretaker Convention, Comparative | 2 Comments

The Merkel III Cabinet: Germany’s Longest Caretaker


Introduction The Merkel III Cabinet should have lasted from 2013 to 2017, but it lingered on in office for five months – from the first meeting of the new Bundestag on 24 October 2017 until the appointment of the new … Continue reading

Posted in Comparative, Formation of Governments, Government Formation in Germany & Austria | Leave a comment

The Nature of the “Democratic Deficit” and Executive Federalism in Canada


Introduction The “Democratic Deficit” first referred to a critique from the late 1970s on how the European Economic Community ran its Parliament vis-a-vis its executive-like Commission. Canadian scholars took up the term in the 1980s and applied it here. In … Continue reading

Posted in Parliamentarism v Presidentialism, Responsible Government, Separation of Powers | 1 Comment

Germany Is The New Belgium: Of Continental Parliamentarism and Caretaker Government


Introduction Germany has become the new Belgium now that the Merkel III Ministry, a Grand Coalition of Social Democrats and Christian Democrats that should only have lasted from 2013 to 2017, has become a Belgian-style long-term caretaker government. Caretaker Chancellor … Continue reading

Posted in Caretaker Convention, Codification of Convention, Comparative, Constructive Non-Confidence, Government Formation in Germany & Austria, Officialization of Convention | Leave a comment

How Early General Federal Elections Can Be Held in Germany


Introduction Germans elected a new parliament on 24 September 2017. The main center-right and center-left parties, the Christian Democrats and Social Democrats, both lost ground to the far-right Alternative for Germany and the far-left, aptly named The Left. The Free … Continue reading

Posted in Comparative, Fixed-Date Elections, Government Formation in Germany & Austria | 1 Comment