3. Where My Work Has Been Cited (2011-Present)

Materials in Which My Work Has Been Cited

A scholar’s relevance in and influence on his field should be measured not merely by his own publications, but also by how often other scholars cite his work, whether in support of it or in opposition to it; either form of engagement would show that he has contributed to the debate, and, hopefully, broadened the collective knowledge of his field. Here are the scholars who have cited my work from 2011 to present.


Aucoin, Peter, Mark Jarvis & Lori Turnbull. Democratizing the Constitution: Reforming Responsible Government. Toronto: Emond Montgomery, 2011.

Bosc, Mark and André Gagnon. House of Commons Procedure and Practice, 3rd Edition. Ottawa: Parliament of Canada, 2017.

Brodie, Ian. At the Centre of Government: The Prime Minister and the Limits on Political PowerMontreal-Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2018.

Dyck, Rand, Christopher Cochrane, and Kelly Blidock, Canadian Politics: Critical Approaches, 8th EditionToronto: Thomson-Nelson, 2017.

Hazell, Robert and Timothy Foot. Executive Power: The Prerogative, Past, Present and FutureLondon: Bloomsbury, 2022.

Hogg, Peter W, Constitutional Law of Canada, loose-leaf edition. Toronto: Carswell, 2012.

Jackson, D Michael. The Crown and Canadian Federalism. Toronto: Dundurn, 2013.

Johnson, David. Battle Royal: Monarchists vs Republicans and the Crown of Canada. Toronto: Dundurn, 2018.

Schneiderman, David. Red, White, and Kind of Blue? The Conservatives and the Americanization of Canadian Political Culture. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015.

Smith, David E. Across the Aisle: Opposition in Canadian Politics. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2013.

Smith, David E. The Constitution in a Hall of Mirrors: Canada at 150. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2017.

Smith, David E., Christopher McCreery, and Jonathan Shanks. Canada’s Deep Crown: Beyond Elizabeth II, The Crown’s Continuing Canadian ComplexionToronto: University of Toronto Press, 2021.

Twomey, Anne. The Veiled Sceptre: Reserve Powers of Heads of State in Westminster SystemsCambridge University Press, 2018.

Walsh, Robert. On the House: An Inside Look at the House of CommonsMontreal-Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2017.
[Even though the author and publisher refer to me here as “James Blowden”, thus inserting an errand ‘l’ into my surname, I’m still counting it.]

Yap, Po Jen. Courts and Democracies in AsiaCambridge University Press, 2017.


Aroney, Nicholas. “Law and Convention.” Chapter 2 in Constitutional Conventions in Westminster Systems: Controversies, Changes, and Challenges, edited by Brian Galligan and Scott Brenton, 24-50.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

Gooch, Kathryn. “‘Politics as War’: Women and Leadership into the Future.” Chapter 12 in Seizing the initiative : Australian women leaders in politics, workplaces and communities, edited by Rosemary Francis, Patricia Grimshaw and Ann Standish, 406-421. Melbourne: University of Melbourne, 2012.

Benoit, Paul. “Recovering the Royal Prerogative.” Chapter 7 in The Crown and Parliament in Canada, edited by Michel Bédard and Philippe Lagassé, 173-202. Cowansville, Quebec: Editions Yvon Blais, 2015.

Bolt, Alexander. “The ‘Convention’ To Consult Parliament On Decisions To Deploy the Military: A Political Mirage?“Chapter 6 in The Crown and Parliament in Canada, edited by Michel Bédard and Philippe Lagassé, 145-172. Cowansville, Quebec: Editions Yvon Blais, 2015.

Stewart, Fenner L. & Scott A Carrière, “Natural Resource Disputes and The Federal
State” in Trevor Tombe & Jennifer Winter, eds, Measuring the Contribution of Energy
Infrastructure: A Practical Guide (Forthcoming, 2019 – 2020).

Fournier, Julien, Patrick Taillon, Genevieve Motard, and Andre Binette. “L’Abdication du Roi Edouard VIII en 1936: ‘Autopsie’ d’une modification de la constitution canadienne.” Chapter 13 in The Crown and Parliament in Canada, edited by Michel Bédard and Philippe Lagassé, 353-403. Cowansville, Quebec: Editions Yvon Blais, 2015.

Lagassé, Philippe and Patrick Baud. “The Crown and Constitutional Amendment in Canada.” Chapter 8 in The Crown and Parliament in Canada, edited by Michel Bédard and Philippe Lagassé, 203-240. Cowansville, Quebec: Editions Yvon Blais, 2015.

Lagassé, Philippe and Patrick Baud. “The Crown and Constitutional Amendment After the Senate Reform and Supreme Court References.” Chapter 12 in Constitutional Amendment in Canada, edited by Emmett Macfarlane, 248-270. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2016.

Liston, Mary. “The Most Opaque Branch? The (Un)accountable Growth of Executive Power in Modern Canadian Government.” Chapter 1 in The Canadian Constitution in Transition, edited by Richard Albert, Paul Daly, and Vanessa MacDonnell, 19-59. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2019.

Jackson, D Michael & Philippe Lagassé (editors). Canada and the Crown: Essays on Constitutional Monarchy. Montreal-Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2013. 

Menzies, Jennifer and Anne Tiernan. “Caretaker Conventions.” Chapter 5 in Constitutional Conventions in Westminster Systems: Controversies, Changes, and Challenges, edited by Brian Galligan and Scott Brenton, 91-115. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

O’Brien, Derek. “Small States, Colonial Rule, and Democracy.” Chapter 7 in Small States in a Legal World, edited by Petra Bulter and Caroline Morris, 139-163. Springer International Publishing, 2017.

Twomey, Anne. “Succession to the Throne of Canada.” Chapter 12 in The Crown and Parliament in Canada, edited by Michel Bédard and Philippe Lagassé, 319-352. Cowansville, Quebec: Editions Yvon Blais, 2015.

Walters, Mark. “Succession to the Throne and the Architecture of the Constitution of Canada.” Chapter 10 in The Crown and Parliament in Canada, edited by Michel Bédard and Philippe Lagassé, 263-292. Cowansville, Quebec: Editions Yvon Blais, 2015.

Wilson, Paul R. Harper and the House of Commons: An evidence-based assessment.” Chapter 2 in The Harper Factor: Assessing a Prime Minister’s Policy Legacy, edited by Jennifer Ditchburn and Graham Fox, 27-43. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2016.

Journal Articles

Alford, Ryan Patrick. “Two Cheers for a Cabinet Manual (And a Note of Caution).” Journal of Parliamentary and Political Law 11, no. 1 (March 2017): 41-60.

Barry, Nicholas, Narelle Miragliotta, and Zim Nwokora. “The Dynamics of Constitutional Conventions in Westminster Democracies.” Parliamentary Affairs (2018): 1-20.

Barry, Nicholas, Narelle Miragliotta, and Zim Nwokora. “The Prime Minister’s Constitution: Cabinet Rulebooks in Westminster Democracies.” Governance (January 2022)

Baud, Patrick F. “The Crown’s Prerogatives and the Constitution of Canada.” Journal of Commonwealth Law 3, no. 1 (December 2021): 219-271.

Blais, Christian. “Pour en finir avec 1848! (Première partie): Les deux facettes du gouvernment responsable aux parlements de Kingston et det Montréal.” Les Cahiers des dixs, no. 74 (2020): 135-190.

Bolt, Alexander and Philippe Lagassé. “Beyond Dicey: Executive Authorities in Canada.” Journal of Commonwealth Law 3 (2021): 1-53.

Chamberlain, Tyler. “The Right to Refuse First Ministers’ Advice as a Democratic Reform.” Canadian Political Science Review 15, no. 1 (2021): 1-15.

Cyr, Hugo. “The Bungling of Justice Nadon’s Appointment to the Supreme Court of Canada.” Supreme Court Law Review 67, no. 2d (2014): 73-109.

Duncan, Grant. “New Zealand’s Cabinet Manual: How Does It Shape Constitutional Conventions?” Parliamentary Affairs 68 (2014): 1-20.

Dylan, Daniel W. “The Complicated Intersection of Politics, Administrative and Constitutional Law in Nunavut’s Environmental Impacts Assessment Regime.” University of New Brunswick Law Journal 68 (2017): 202-231.

Gould, Jonathan. “Codifying Constitutional Norms.” Georgetown Law Journal 109, no. 4 (March 2021): 703-765.

Hawkins, Robert E. “‘The Monarch is Dead; Long Live the Monarch’: Canada’s Assent to Amending the Rules of Succession.” Journal of Parliamentary and Political Law 7, no. 3 (2013).

Hogg, Peter W. “Succession to the Throne,” The National Journal of Constitutional Law 33, no. 1 (September 2014): 83-94.

Kirkpatrick, Aaron. “To Dismiss, or Not to Dismiss?” Public Interest Law Journal of New Zealand. 102, no. 6 (2019): 102-120.

Kirkpatrick, Aaron. “‘Would Not Normally Legislate’: Brexit and Conventions.” Public Interest Law Journal of New Zealand 135, no. 5 (2018): 135-154.

Lang, Jonathan. “Stabilizing Minority Government: A Review.” Queen’s Policy Review 4 (2014).

Lagassé, Philippe. “The Crown’s Power of Command-in-Chief: Interpreting Section 15 of Canada’s Constitution Act, 1867.” Review of Constitutional Studies 18 (2013): 189-220.

Lagassé, Philippe. “How Should Canada’s Parliament Decide Military Deployments? Lessons from the United Kingdom.” Paper for the Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute, December 2013.

Lagassé, Philippe. “The Crown and Government Formation: Conventions, Practices, Customs, and Norms.” Constitutional Forum 28, no. 3 (2019): 1-17.

Levy, Gary. “Constitutional and Parliamentary Reform in Canada and the United Kingdom: Lessons for Canada”, paper presented to the Annual Conference of the Canadian Political Science Association. St Catharine’s, Ontario: 2014.

Mathieu, Catherine & Patrick Taillon. “Aux frontières de la modification constitutionnelle : le caractère para-constitutionnel de la réforme du Sénat canadien. » Revue québécoise de droit constitutionnel 5 (2013) : 7-49.

‘Nyane, Hoolo. “The Changing Nature of the Power of Prorogation of Parliament in Lesotho: From Absolute Prerogative to Rationality?” Law, Democracy, and Development 25 (2021): 193-220.

Pal, Michael. “Three Narratives About Canadian Election Law.” Election Law Journal 16, no. 2 (2017): 255-262.

Plaxton, Michael. “The Caretaker Convention and Supreme Court Appointments.” Supreme Court Law Review 72, no. 2d (2016): 449-477.

Public Policy Forum. “Towards Guidelines on Government Formation: Facilitating Openness & Efficiency in Canada’s Governance” (Ottawa, 2012).

Robert, Charles. “Parliamentary Book Shelf: Canada and the Crown: Essays on Constitutional Monarchy, edited by D. Michael Jackson and Philippe Lagassé, Institute of Intergovernmental Relations, Montreal, 2013, 312 pp. and The Crown and Canadian Federalism, by D. Michael Jackson, Dundurn, Toronto, 2013, 336 pp.” Canadian Parliamentary Review 37, no. 3 (2014): 43-45.

Romaniuk, Scott Nicholas and Joshua K. Wasylciw. “Canada’s Evolving Crown: From a British Crown to a ‘Crown of Maples.’” Journal of American, British and Canadian Studies (December 2014): 108-125.

Russell, Peter H. “Discretion and the Reserve Powers.” Canadian Parliamentary Review 34, no. 2 (Summer 2011): 19-25.

Thompson, Michelle. “Legal Research Blogs in Canada: Uses, Limitations and Preservation Concerns.” Canadian Law Library Review 42, no. 2 (2017): 29-33.

Urry, James. “A Matter of Diplomacy: The British Government and the Mennonite Immigration from Russia to Manitoba, 1872-1875.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 87, no. 2 (April 2013): 225-249.

Wheeldon, Johannes. “Prorogation as Constitutional Harm.” Canadian Parliamentary Review 34, no. 2 (Summary 2011): 69-70.

Wheeldon, Johannes. “An Empirical Assessment of the Views of Constitutional Scholars on the 2008 Prorogation.” Conference Paper Presented at the Canadian Association of Political Science Meetings Victoria, BC, June 2 – 4, 2013.

Wheeldon, Johannes. “Constitutional Peace, Political Order, or Good Government? Organizing Scholarly Views on the 2008 Prorogation.” Canadian Political Science Review 8, no. 1 (2014): 102-25.

Wood, Patricia Burke and David A. Rossiter. “The Geography of the Crown: Reflections on Mikisew Cree and Williams Lake.” The Supreme Court Law Review 94, no. 2d (2020): 187-205.


Alzubaidi, Abdullah S. “Examining Print Media Coverage Leading into New Zealand and British Columbia’s Respective November 6, 1993 and May 12, 2009 Electoral Reform Referendums.” M.A. Thesis, University of Alberta, 2018.

Casey, Christina. “Subjects and Sovereigns: The Husbands and Wives Who Ruled British India, 1774-1925.” PhD Dissertation, Cornell University, January 2017.
[My surname was incorrectly rendered as “Bowen” on page 160, but it still counts. At least she spelled Nick’s name correctly.]

Corbeil, Tommy. “The Rule of (Constitutional) Law? Examining the Changing Balance Between Political and Legal Constitutionalism in Post-1997 United Kingdom.” M.A. Thesis, University of Ottawa, 2022.

Franco, Vasco Seixas Duarte. “Semipresidentialismo em Portugal: Poderes presidenciais e interaçao com o governo (1982-2016).” PhD Dissertation, University of Lisbon, December 2017.

Fournier, Julien. L’Independance de la Couronne canadienne: Une question de droit et de conventions. Maitrise en droit, Universite Laval, 2017.

McDougall, Andrew. “Canadian Federalism, Abeyances, and Quebec Sovereignty.” PhD Thesis, University of Toronto, 2016.

McDowell, Thomas E. “Dieu et Mon Droit: The Mariginalisation of Parliament and the Role of Neo-Liberalism in the Function of the Ontario Legislature from 1971 to 2014.” PhD Dissertation, Ryerson University, 2016.

McIssac, Ian A. “Democratic Legitimacy of Executive Government under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms: Reassessing Crown Prerogatives and Political Constitutionalism under Sections 3 and 5 of the Charter.” Master of Laws Thesis, University of Manitoba, 202x.

Narokobi, Vergil. “The Implementation of Papua New Guinea’s National Goals and Directive Principles and Basic Social Obligations.” PhD Thesis, Victoria University of Wellington, 2016.

Piersig, Elsa Sophie. “No Confidence in Non-Confidence Votes: Would the New Zealand Confidence Protocol or Constructive Non-Confidence Restore the Canadian Confidence Convention?” MA Thesis, University of Calgary, 2014.

Sheikh, Kamaran. “Spaces of Working in Modern Software Organisations.” PhD  Thesis, University of Warwick, 2020.

Tupou, Mele Ikatonga Selisa. “The Process and Outcomes of the 2010 Constitutional Reform in Tonga: A Study of the Devolution of Executive Authority from Monarchy to Representative Government in a Polynesian Society.” PhD Thesis, University of Otago, 2019.

Parliamentary Sources

Canada. Library of Parliament. Bill C-53: Succession to Throne Act, 2013, Michel Bedard. Ottawa: Parliament of Canada, 30 August 2013.

Canada, Parliament of Canada. “Private Member’s Bill C-210 (42-1), An Act to Amend the National Anthem Act (Gender).” LegisInfo. Ottawa: Parliament of Canada, 2018.

Desserud, Donald A. Letter to the Special Senate Committee on Modernization. 17 April 2016.

Pilon, Dennis. “Brief to Canadian House of Commons Special Committee on Electoral Reform.” 23 July 2016.

Blogs, Newspapers, and News Magazines

The Canadian Press. King Charles III Now Canada’s Head of State After Queen’s Death.” 9 September 2022.

Coyne, Andrew. “Forget About Rushing To Make Electoral Reform Deadline: Let’s Just Get It Right.” National Post, 10 June 2016.

Dunlop, Jared and Tom Richards. “What Lawyers Should Know About the Demise of the Crown.” BarNotes Archive (The Canadian Bar Association) 32, no. 2 (Spring 2018).

Faguy, Yves. “Friday Weekly Wrap-Up.” Canadian Bar Association National, 17 August 2018.

Hughes, Patricia. “It’s the Motivation and Impact That Matter When Government Requests Prorogation of Parliament.” Slaw, 3 September 2019.

King, Robin Levinson. “Dominion Day Enthusiasts Pine for the Past.” Toronto Star, 1 July 2015.

Lagassé, Philippe. “The Queen of Canada is dead; long live the British Queen.” Maclean’s, 3 February 2013.

Lemon, Jason. “Could the Queen Stop Canada from Legalizing Weed?” Newsweek, 20 June 2018.

Leyne, Les. “Election of Speaker Gains Significance in 44-43 Parliament,” Victoria Times-Colonist, 6 June 2017.

Poitras, Jacques. “Unfilled Speaker’s Chair Could Bring On Another Election — This Fall,” CBC News, 12 October 2018.

Poitras, Jacques. “Des élections pourraient être déclenchées sans président à l’Assemblée législative.” Radio-Canada, 12 October 2018.

La Presse canadienne. “Une « transition royale » automatique dans la gouvernance au Canada.” Le 8 septembre 2022.

Press, Jordan. “No need to consult provinces on changes to royal succession, Heritage Minister James Moore says.” Ottawa Citizen, 31 January 2013.

Sinha, Awanish et al. Ontario Election 2022: What You need to Know About the Caretaker Convention.” Blog Post for McCarthy-Tetrault, 8 April 2022.

Stanoeva, Milena. “News from the social sciences and humanities: Summits on Higher Education, MOOCs and royal babies.” Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences, 13 December 2012.

Michael Stern. “Legislative Discontinuity: An Introduction.” Point of Order: A Discussion of Congressional Legal Issues, 19 May 2018.

Wherry, Adam. “An Act to assent to alterations in the law touching Succession to the Throne.Maclean’s, 31 January 2013.

Wherry, Adam. “User Guide.” Maclean’s, 7 December 2011.

Wherry, Adam. “The Reserve Power.” Maclean’s, 5 July 2011.

Wherry, Adam. “What Say the Governor General?” Maclean’s, 20 April 2011.

RCI (Radio-Canada International). “Questions Raised about Canada’s Crown Succession Legislation,” 5 February 2013.

Referrals from University Libraries 

University of Regina’s Archer Library

“A research portal about Westminister parliamentarism. It is managed by a Canadian university student. It contains links to primary documents and his blog about current parliamentary activities in Commonwealth countries.” (accessed 2016-01-06)

Simon Fraser University’s Library

“Blog by James W.J. Bowden, an M.A. candidate at the University of Ottawa, contains fascinating analysis of current Canadian parliamentary practices and serves as a hub of research designed to encourage informal networks of peer review on Westminster parliamentarism. In addition to the blog commentary, look at James’ documents, some of which you may not find elsewhere.” (accessed 2016-01-06)

University Course Outlines

In this case, I wouldn’t say “cited” per se but rather that some of my work has been assigned as part of weekly readings within these course outlines.

Abu-Laban, Yasmeen. Political Science 442 and 542: The Canadian State and Identity Politics. The University of Alberta, Winter 2017.

Carbert, Louise. Political Science 4207/5207: Canadian Politics: Themes and Theories. Dalhousie University, Department of Political Science, 2013-2014.

Dyck, Rand. PSCI 4006A-5006F: Legislatures and Representation in Canada. Carleton University, Department of Political Science, Fall 2012, Fall 2013, Fall 2014, Fall 2016, Fall 2017.

Good, Kristin. POLI 4207: Canadian Politics: Themes and Theories; POLI 5207: Advanced Seminar in Canadian Politics. Dalhousie University, Department of Political Science, Fall 2014.

Thomas, Paul. POL 490H1s – Topics in Canadian Politics I: Canadian Legislatures and Legislators. University of Toronto, Department of Political Science, Summer 2014.

Westmacott, M. Political Science 4405E/9749E – Legislative Politics. The University of Western Ontario, Department of Political Science, 2012-2013.

Wilson, Paul. PSCI 4809-B: Canadian Cabinet Governance in Comparative Perspective. Carleton University, Department of Political Science, January-April 2013.


I invite reasonable questions and comments; all others will be prorogued or dissolved.

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